Top 100 Microsoft Server Interview Questions & Answers
Here describe some basic Microsoft Windows Server 2010, 2012, 2016 and 2019 Interview Questions & answers which help you in networking interviews.
#Q1. What is Windows 10?
- Windows 10 is a client OS developed by Microsoft.
- It’s used for pc, tablets, embedded devices & IoT devices.
- Microsoft released windows 10 on 29th July 2015.
- Version – NT10.0 (New Technology).
#Q2. What is a User?
Ans: – The person who uses the resources of the computer and network is called a User.
#Q3. What is a User Account?
Ans: – User Account is a location in a hard disk that store the details of the user which to authenticate by shorting the credential (User name and password).
#Q4. What are the types of accounts supported by Windows 10?
#Q5. What is an Administrator?
Ans: – The User who has permission to add, delete and modify all things of a computer not only their own account but also other accounts. An administrator can download, configure and install the application.
#Q6. What are the types of Domain Accounts?
#Q7. What are the ways the Domain User can log-in on to a Domain?
Ans: – There are 4 ways –
- User name + Password.
- Smart card + PIN.
- Virtual smart card + PIN.
- Windows Hello + Microsoft Passport.
#Q8. What is Microsoft Account?
Ans: – This is an e-mail address that is registered Microsoft account service.
#Q9. What is the minimum requirement for installing Windows – 10?
The minimum requirement of installing of Windows – 10 for 32 OS –
- Processor – 1 GHz or Faster Processor or SOC.
- RAM – 1 GB
- Hard Disk – 16 GB.
The minimum requirement of installing of Windows – 10 for 64 OS –
- Processor – 1 GHz or Faster Processor or SOC.
- RAM – 2 GB
- Hard Disk – 20 GB
- Graphics card – Direct X9 or later with WDPM
- Display – 800 x 600
#Q10. What is the Edition of Windows – 10?
Ans: – There are 4 editions of Windows – 10 –
- Windows 10 Home (For home users)
- Windows 10 Pro (For advanced home users)
- Windows 10 Enterprise (For corporate users)
- Windows 10 Education (For education corporates)
#Q11. What is Windows – 10 mobile edition?
Ans: – This edition is designed for smartphones and tablets. This is 2 types-
- Windows 10 mobile.
- Windows 10 mobile enterprise.
#Q12. What is the Windows – 10 IoT edition?
Ans: – Windows – 10 IoT core designed for devices supporting the embedded application.
#Q13. What is Windows Hello?
Ans: – Windows Hello is a feature that is used to unlock windows 10 devices by verifying our identity. There are 4 methods of identification –
- Facial Recognition
- Iris Scanning
- Finger Print
- Pin or Password
#Q14. What is a User profile? What are the types?
Ans: – User profile is the visual display of the personal data of a specific user. This is the digital representation of a person’s identification. User profiles are 4 types –
- Local Profile
- Roaming Profile
- Mandatory Profile
- Temporary Profile
#Q15. What is a Local Profile?
Ans: – When an administrator is created a User and 1st time log on to the system then a Local Profile is created. This is created by default.
The location of the local user profile is on the local machine inside the Appdata folder of the specific user.
#Q16. What is a Roaming Profile?
Ans: – Roaming profile store in domain controller. Each time user can log on from any system within the domain their profile is requested and the domain controller sends the profile to the requested machine. This allows the user to move from one machine to another machine but still maintain a consists profile.
#Q17. What is a Mandatory Profile?
Ans: – It is used for guest login. It does not save the user change or setting, read only. Only the system administrators make changes to the mandatory profile.
#Q18. What is a Temporary Profile?
Ans: – Temporary Profile is issued each time when due to an error user profiles are enabled to load. A temporary profile is deleted at the end of each session.
#Q19. What is SSO (Single Sign On)?
Ans: – SSO is a session an user authentication service that permit are user to user one set of login credential to access multiple application.
#Q20. What is Upgradation?
Ans: – Upgrade means your system (OS, DB or application) is going to a higher version.
#Q21. What is Migration?
Ans: – Migration is the process of moving from the use of one Operating System environment to another Operating System.
- Migration is used for user-specific settings.
- It is a time-consuming process.
- It required more storage.
- Migration required reinstallation of the application.
#Q22. What is Windows ADK (WADK)?
- Its stands for Windows Assessment and Deployment Kit.
- It is developed by Microsoft.
- It is a collection of tools and technology.
- This tool is first introduced by windows vista.
- It is used to build a WinPE (Pre-boot installation Environment) boot image.
#Q23. What is User State?
Ans: – User State defines as the data and settings specific to a particular user, the data can be in the user profile (documents) or outside it. Settings can be OS or application related.
#Q24. What is User State Migration? What are the types?
Ans: – Transferring the user state from one machine to another machine is called as User State Migration.
- There are 2 types of method to perform –
#Q25. What is WET?
Ans: – WET stands for Windows Easy Transfer. This is not good for large migrations because it performs one-to-one transfer of user profiles.
#Q26. What is USMT?
Ans: – USMT stands for User State Migration Tools. It is best for enterprise environments. It is used for 2 commands –
- Scan state
- Load state
#Q27. What is used for the Scan State command?
Ans: – This command is used with Windows User State Migration Tool (USMT) 4.0 to scan the source computer, collect the files and settings and create a store.
#Q28. What is used for the Load State command?
Ans: – This command is used with Windows User State Migration Tool (USMT) to load the user settings on the destination computer, and the files collected from the scan state command is copied to the destination computer.
#Q29. What is ICD?
Ans: – Its stands for Imaging and Configuration Designer. It allowed and it administrator to create provisioning packages. These packages are used to customize mobile and desktop versions of windows 10 machines.
#Q30. What is Provising?
Ans: – Provising is the process of configuring, developing and maintaining a package that contains it resources throughout the enterprise. Its required tools – are Windows 10 machine and Windows ADK tools.
#Q31. What is Windows Power Shell?
- It is a command shell for administration.
- It is based on .net architecture.
- It supports local and remote administration.
- Windows 10 uses the power shell version 5.0.
#Q32. How to open Power Shell?
Ans: – Windows run – Power shell
Windows run – cmd – start power shell
#Q33. What is Winsock?
- Its stands for Windows Socket.
- These are the files that allow windows programs to connect to the internet or other computer.
- Winsock is an API (Application Programming Interface) that is used by the developer to make their program network enable.
#Q34. What is Name Resolution?
Ans: – Name Resolution is mapping a hostname to an IP address. The name Resolution technique for IPv6 is LLMNR.
#Q35. What is Network Discovery?
Ans: – This is a feature that allows the windows system to find another computer to the network.
#Q36. What is Network Location?
Ans: – Network Location defined the degree of security of a device. It is 3 type –
#Q37. What is a Private Location?
Ans: – Private Location is a secure network. It is 2 types –
Home Group: – It is a Peer-to-Peer network used in Home Network. We create a home group for secure communication within an organization.
Work Group: – A Work Group is a Peer-to-Peer network.
#Q38. What is a Public Location?
Ans: – Public Location is considered as an insecure network location.
Examples – Hotspots in coffee shops, wi-fi in airports, and railway station.
#Q39. What is Domain Location?
Ans: – It is preferred for corporate domain networks. It is considered as a secure network to control users’ access to corporate resources.
#Q40. What are the types of network locations we can access?
Ans: – There are 4 types of network location that can be accessed –
- Using windows setting
- Using windows register
- Using local security policy
- Using power shell
#Q41. What is VPN?
Ans: – VPN stands for Virtual Private Network. It is a private network over a public network. VPN creates an encrypted connection between the user and the company network. VPN is used to connect the remote site of an organization
VPN is 3 types –
- Client to Server
- Site to Site
- VOIP (Voice Over Internet Protocol)
#Q42. What is DRA?
Ans: – DRA stands for Data Recovery Agent. It is a user who has the universal key to open any type of encrypted file.
The unencrypted file cannot the open by except the owner of the file.
#Q43. What is AAA?
Ans: – A radius Server is also called an AAA server (Authentication, Authorization & Accounting).
- Radius is a server that provides centralized authentication, authorization and accounting of a user in a network while accessing remote service.
- It uses port no. 1812.
#Q44. What is Virtualization?
Ans: – Virtualization means running multiple operating systems simultaneously on a physical computer. It means creating virtual resources like servers, desktops, OS, files, storage networks etc.
#Q45. What is Hyper-V?
- Hyper-V is the Microsoft hardware virtualization product.
- It allows to create and run a software version of a computer is called as a virtual machine.
- Hyper-V allows running multiple operating systems on the virtual machine on a single hardware platform.
#Q46. Why Hyper-V is called as Hardware Virtualization?
Ans: – It is called hardware virtualization because its virtual machine run on virtual hardware and behaves like a real computer. It allows to create hard drive, virtual switch etc.
#Q47. What is Virtual Machine?
- A Virtual Machine is a file called as an image that behaves like an actual computer.
- A Virtual Machine contains a virtual hard disk and virtual OS but give and experience as real.
- The Virtual Machine is called as guest machine and the physical computer which holds the VM is called as host machine.
#Q48. What is Guest OS and Host OS?
Ans: – OS of a virtual machine is running is called as Guest OS.
But the OS is running is the physical machine is called as Host OS.
#Q49. What is Hyper-Viser?
Ans: – Hyper-Viser is a program for crating and running virtual machines. Hyper-viser is called as Virtual Machine Manager (VMM). A Hyper-viser hardware virtualization technique, which allows multiple guest operating systems to run on a single host system at a time.
#Q50. What are the OS for enable Hyper-V in Windows 10?
Ans: – There are 3 types of OS we can enable Hyper-V in windows 10 –
- Using Power Shell.
- Using CMP and DISM.
- Through the Control Panel.
#Q51. What is Virtual Switch?
Ans: – Virtual Switch is used to create the network. There are 3 types of switches in Hyper-V –
#Q52. What is a Private Switch?
Ans: – Private Switch is used to convert the virtual machine only within a single physical computer.
#Q53. What is Internal Switch?
Ans: – If we want to establish between the virtual machine and a physical network then we create Internal Switch.
#Q54. What is External Switch?
Ans: – If we want to establish communication between the virtual machines, hosted on the different physical computers then we create an External Switch.
#Q55. What is Windows To Go?
Ans: – Windows To Go is a feature in windows 10 Enterprise and Windows 10 Education edition that enables the creation of a Windows To Go workspace that can be booted from a USB-connected external drive on PCs.
#Q56. What are the different versions (editions) of windows – 7?
- Windows – 7 Starter.
- Windows – 7 Home Basic.
- Windows – 7 Home Premium.
- Windows – 7 Professional.
- Windows – 7 Enterprise.
- Windows – 7 Ultimate.
#Q57. What are the different versions (editions) of windows – 8?
- Windows – 8.
- Windows – 8 Pro.
- Windows – 8 Enterprise.
#Q58. What are the different versions (editions) of windows – 10?
- Windows – 10 Home.
- Windows – 10 Pro.
- Windows – 10 Enterprise.
- Windows – 10 Education.
#Q59. What is MS Outlook?
Ans: – Microsoft Outlook is an offline mail client. It is a personal information manager from Microsoft, available as a part of the Microsoft Office suite. Although often used mainly as an email application, it also includes a calendar, task manager, contact manager, note-taking, journal and web browsing.
#Q60. What is a domain?
Ans: – A domain is a group of users, workstations, devices, printers, computers and database servers that are administered as a unit with common rules and procedures. Domains are defined by the IP address. All devices sharing a common part of IP address are said to be in the same domain.
#Q61. What is the Active Directory?
Ans: –Active Directory (AD) is the directory service that Microsoft developed for Windows domain networks. It is included in most Windows Server operating systems as a set of processes and services. A server running Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) is called a domain controller. It authenticates and authorizes all users and computers in a Windows domain-type network – assigning and enforcing security policies for all computers and installing or updating software.
#Q62. What is the Shadow Copy?
Ans: – Shadow copy is a technology included in Microsoft Windows that allows taking manual or automatic backup copies or snapshots of computer files or volumes, even when they are in use.
#Q63. What is the difference between domain and workgroup?
|One or more computers are servers and the remaining are clients.||All computers are peers.|
|If you have a user account on the domain, you can log on to any computer on the domain.||Each computer has a set of accounts that can logon on to the local computer only.|
|There can be 100-plus computers in the domain.||Typically, not more than 20-30 computers are in the workgroup.|
#Q64. What is the Bit locker?
Ans: – Bit locker is a security feature included with selected editions of Windows Vista and later. It is designed to protect data by providing encryption for the entire volume.
#Q65. What is Bit locker To Go?
Ans: – Bit locker To Go allows you to protect data stored on USB storage devices.
#Q66. Which are the by default user accounts in Windows 10?
Ans: – Administrator and Guest.
#Q67. What is quota?
Ans: – Quota is used to specify the storage limit on a drive for the users.
#Q68. What are Windows Updates?
Ans: – The Windows Update utility is used to keep your Windows-based computer up-to-date with the latest patches. These updates will close security holes in your computer and hopefully prevent you from being hacked or infected with viruses.
#Q69. What is the firewall? What are the inbound and outbound rules?
Ans: – Firewalls provide security by limiting access to your computer and network, a firewall is also useful for allowing remote access to a private network through secure authentication certificates and logins. Inbound rules are used to filter the traffic that comes to your computer/network and outbound rules are used to filter the traffic that leaves your computer/network.
#Q70. What is UAC?
Ans: – User Account Control (UAC) is a feature in Windows that can help to prevent unauthorized changes to your computer. UAC does this by asking you for permission or an administrator’s password before performing actions that could potentially affect your computer’s operation or those change settings that affect other users.
#Q71. What is Virtual Memory?
Ans: – Virtual Memory is a feature of an operating system (OS) that allows a computer to compensate for shortages of physical memory by temporarily transferring pages of data from RAM to disk storage.
#Q72. What is Virtual Hard Disk (VHD)?
Ans: – Virtual Hard Disk (VHD) is a disk image file format for storing the complete contents of the hard drive.
#Q73. What is AppLocker?
Ans: – AppLocker is a new feature in Windows Operating System that allows you to specify which users or groups can run particular applications in the computer. If you use AppLocker, you can create rules to allow or deny applications from running.
#Q74. What is Pop-Up Blocker in a browser?
Ans: – Pop-up Blocker is a feature in Internet Explorer that allows you to block pop-ups from appearing when you browse a web page.
#Q75. What is the prerequisite to configure M.S. Outlook?
- Email address
- POP and SMTP servers’ addresses
- POP and SMTP port numbers
#Q76. How to take backup and restore M.S. Outlook?
Ans: – There are two ways to take backup and restore as follows,
- Import & Export
- Copy & Paste
#Q77. What is Office 365?
Ans: – Office 365 is a Microsoft online cloud solution and it is interconnected with windows 10 devices, which includes Microsoft Office and other services, such as email and collaboration from Microsoft’s cloud server. Microsoft Office 365 provides desktop functionalities and is available by paid subscription.
#Q78. What is the difference between Windows 10 Home & Pro Edition?
Ans: – Windows 10 Home edition’s available feature is Device Encryption but its Pro edition is available features is Device Encryption, Domain Join, Group Policy Management, Bit Locker and Remote Desktop etc.
#Q79. What is the difference between Windows 10 Pro & Enterprise Edition?
Ans: – Windows 10 Pro edition has no support for features like App Locker, Direct Access but Windows 10 Enterprise has supported App Locker, Direct Access, Smart Control with Group Policy etc. features.
#Q80. What are the New features of Windows 10?
- Its new browser is the EDGE browser.
- For security Windows Hello, Microsoft Passport etc.
- Its new update Administration by Windows Update for Business.
- New feature evolution includes Hyper-V, Azure Integration and Windows Store.
#Q81. Give some description about Windows 10 Mobile Edition?
- The Windows 10 Mobile editions for uses Smartphones and Tablets.
- Microsoft Windows 10 is divided into 2 types of editions for mobile devices.
- First Edition is Mobile – it is used by personal or individual users.
- Second Edition is Mobile Enterprise Edition – it is used by organizations and has an objective to support MDM (Mobile Device Management).
#Q82. What is the difference between Windows To Go and WinPE?
Ans: – Windows To Go is the complete Operating System and it is not a limited Operating System but WinPE (Windows Pre-installation Environment) version 2.0 is a minimal Windows 32 bit operating system with limited services.
#Q83. What is Microsoft Intune?
Ans: – Microsoft Intune is a cloud-based management tool. It is also used to control access to applications, data resources on any device. It is used for devices of Windows, MAC and other mobile devices.
#Q84. What is Azure Active Directory?
Ans: – Active Directory is a directory service hosted in Microsoft Cloud.
#Q85. What is Network Discovery? What are the types?
Ans: – Network Discovery is a feature to allows Windows 10 devices to find other computers and devices on a network. By default, it is “ON” (Enabled) for Private Networks and “OFF” (Disabled) for Public and Domain Networks.
It is 4 types –
- Home & Work
#Q86. What LLMNR?
Ans: – Its stands for Link-Local Multicast Name Resolution. It is a Name resolution without DNS or NetBIOS, typically based on IP version 6. It uses port number UDP 5355.
#Q87. What is One Drive?
Ans: – It is a cloud storage feature based on Microsoft. It is released on 2007 in Microsoft with the product name SkyDrive. Later in 2014 it was renamed as One Drive.
#Q88. What are the different versions (editions) of windows 7?
- Windows 7 Starter
- Windows 7 Home Basic
- Windows 7 Home Premium
- Windows 7 Professional
- Windows 7 Enterprise
- Windows 7 Ultimate
#Q89. What is Hiren Boot?
Ans: – Hiren Boot CD is an all-in-one bootable CD solution that contains a load of useful tools that can be used in hard drive failure, virus infections, partitioning, password recovery and data recovery.
#Q90. What is MS SQL Server?
Ans: – MS SQL Server is a relational database management System (RDBMS) developed by Microsoft. This product is built for the basic function of storing and retrieving data as required by other applications. Microsoft SQL Server 2016 is the most recent version available.
#Q91. What is Domain?
Ans: – The logical boundary of network object control by a centralized controller is called as Domain.
#Q92. What is ADDS?
Ans: – Its stands for Active Directory Domain Service. It is the database that store the details of every network object for that domain.
#Q93. What is Domain Controller?
Ans: – The physical computer in which ADDS role is installed and configured is called as Domain Controller.
#Q94. What are the editions of Windows Server 2016?
Ans: – Windows Server is available in 6 editions: –
- Windows Server 2016 Essentials
- Windows Server 2016 Standard
- Windows Server 2016 Datacenter
- Microsoft Hyper-V Server 2016
- Windows Storage Server 2016 Workgroup
- Windows Storage Server 2016 Standard
#Q95. What is a Domain Tree?
Ans: – Domain Tree is a collection of Domains grouped together in a hierarchical structure. Its support Parent-Child concept.
#Q96. What is OU?
Ans: – Organization Unit (OU) is the container within a Microsoft Active Directory Domain, it can hold users, groups and computers. It is the smallest unit to which an administrator can assign group policy settings or account permissions.
#Q97. What is MS Exchange Server?
Ans: – Microsoft Exchange Server is a mail server and calendaring server developed by Microsoft. It runs exclusively on windows server operating system.
#Q98. What are the editions of Windows Server 2012?
Ans: – Windows Server 2012 has 4 editions –
- Windows Server 2012 Foundation
- Windows Server 2012 Essential
- Windows Server 2012 Standard
- Windows Server 2012 Datacenter
#Q99. What is Windows Defender?
Ans: – Windows Defender is a Built-in malware protection engine in Windows 10 operating system.
It is designed to stop malicious software from getting on your computer by protecting your PC from viruses, spyware other potentially unwanted programs.
#Q100. What is GPO?
Ans: – Group Policy Object (GPO) is used to secure a windows machine by restricting the user account and the computer account. Primarily is designed to increase the productivity of the user inside the organization.
Top 100 Microsoft Server Interview Questions & Answers
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